文章摘要

脑卒中吞咽障碍患者口腔护理的研究进展

作者: 1,2李孝红, 2张婷, 3敖莉, 4陈旭娟, 5仇荣敏, 6周雨诗, 6朱晓萍
1 同济大学医学院护理系, 上海 200092
2 上海市静安区市北医院神经内科,上海 200443
3 嘉定区中心医院骨科,上海 201899
4 上海市第十人民医院骨科,上海 200072
5 上海市第十人民医院手术室,上海 200072
6 上海市第十人民医院护理部,上海 200072
通讯: 朱晓萍 Email: julia1107@163.com
DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2021.03.035
基金: 上海市静安区卫生科研课题(2018HL01)。

摘要

脑卒中吞咽障碍患者口腔清洁度下降,口腔感染的机会增加,良好的口腔护理在清洁口腔的同时还可以改善吞咽障碍患者的吞咽功能。本文对脑卒中吞咽障碍患者口腔护理的重要性、口腔评估、护理液、护理方法、口腔护理频率的研究进展进行综述,旨在为临床医护人员提供参考。
关键词: 口腔护理; 脑卒中; 吞咽障碍; 感染

Research progress of oral care for patients with dysphagia after stroke

Authors: 1,2LI Xiaohong, 2ZHANG Ting, 3AO Li, 4CHEN Xujuan, 5QIU Rongmin, 6ZHOU Yushi, 6ZHU Xiaoping
1 Department of Nursing, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China
2 Department of Neurology, Shanghai Shibei Hospital of Jing'an District, Shanghai 200443, China
3 Department of Orthopedics, Jiading District Central Hospital, Shanghai 201899, China
4 Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, Shanghai 200072, China
5 Operating Room, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, Shanghai 200072, China
6 Department of Nursing, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, Shanghai 200072, China

CorrespondingAuthor: ZHU Xiaoping Email: julia1107@163.com

Foundation: This work was supported by Shanghai Jing’an District Science and Technology Commission Project, China (2018HL01).

Abstract

The oral cleanliness of patients with dysphagia after stroke decreases, and the chance of oral infection increases. Good oral care can improve the swallowing function of patients with dysphagia while cleaning the mouth. This paper reviewed the research progress on the importance, oral evaluation, nursing fluid, nursing methods and oral nursing frequency in patients with dysphagia after stroke, so as to provide references for clinical medical staff.
Keywords: oral care; stroke; dysphagia; infection