文章摘要

预见性护理对肺癌顺铂化疗所致恶心呕吐的干预效果

作者: 1徐齐宏, 1顾招芹, 1,2刘扣英
1 南京医科大学第一附属医院呼吸与危重症医学科,南京 210029
2 南京医科大学护理学院,南京 211166
通讯: 刘扣英 Email: liuky188@126.com
DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2020.10.028

摘要

目的:研究预见性护理对肺癌顺铂化学药物治疗(以下简称化疗)所致恶心、呕吐的干预效果,为患者的护理提供指导建议。方法:选取2018年2月至2019年3月南京医科大学第一附属医院收治的80例肺癌顺铂化疗患者作为研究对象。根据随机数表法将患者随机分为对照组和观察组。对照组采用常规护理干预,观察组采用预见性护理干预。比较两组治疗后的恶心、呕吐改善情况及护理满意率。结果:观察组的恶心、呕吐改善有效率(75.00%,82.50%)明显高于对照组(50.00%,47.50%),差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。观察组的总满意率(95.00%)明显高于对照组(80.00%),差异有统计学意义(χ2=4.114,P=0.042)。结论:预见性护理对肺癌顺铂化疗所致恶心呕吐的干预效果显著,值得临床上推广应用。
关键词: 肺癌;顺铂;化学药物治疗;预见性护理;恶心;呕吐;效果

Intervention effect of predictive nursing on nausea and vomiting caused by cisplatin chemotherapy for lung cancer

Authors: 1XU Qihong, 1GU Zhaoqin, 1,2LIU Kouying
1 Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China
2 School of Nursing, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, China

CorrespondingAuthor: LIU Kouying Email: liuky188@126.com

Abstract

Objective: To study the intervention effect of predictive nursing on nausea and vomiting caused by cisplatin chemotherapy for lung cancer, and to provide guidance for patients’ nursing. Methods: From February 2018 to March 2019, 80 patients with lung cancer received cisplatin chemotherapy in our hospital were selected for study. According to the method of random number table, they were divided into a control group and an observation group. The nursing intervention was used in the control group and predictive nursing intervention was used in the observation group. The improvement of nausea and vomiting and the satisfaction rate of nursing were compared between the two groups. Results: The effective rates of nausea and vomiting improvement in the observation group (75.00%, 82.50%) were significantly higher than those in the control group (50.00%, 47.50%; P<0.05). The total satisfaction rate of the observation group (95.00%) was significantly higher than that of the control group (80.00%). The difference was statistically significant (χ2=4.114, P=0.042). Conclusion: Predictive nursing can effectively improve the immune function and reduce the nausea and vomiting caused by cisplatin chemotherapy in lung cancer.
Keywords: lung cancer; cisplatin; chemotherapy; predictive nursing; nausea; vomiting; effect