文章摘要

超声评估围手术期胃内容物的研究进展

作者: 1张卓, 1丁文刚
1 哈尔滨医科大学附属第二医院麻醉科,哈尔滨 150086
通讯: 丁文刚 Email: dingwg999@163.com
DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2020.11.042

摘要

围手术期饱胃患者发生反流和误吸的风险很大,可引起气道梗阻和吸入性肺炎等严重并发症。准确及时地判断胃内容量非常重要,然而目前还缺乏可靠的诊断工具。近年来的研究表明超声可较为准确地用于胃内容物容量及性质的判断,该方法也逐渐在临床实践中普及。
关键词: 反流误吸;超声;胃内容物;胃窦

Research progress in ultrasonography in evaluation of peri-operative gastric contents

Authors: 1ZHANG Zhuo, 1DING Wengang
1 Department of Anesthesiology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, China

CorrespondingAuthor: DING Wengang Email: dingwg999@163.com

Abstract

Perioperative full stomach patients have a high risk of reflux and aspiration, which can cause serious complications such as airway obstruction and pulmonary aspiration. Accurate and timely determination of intragastric volume is very important, but there is still a lack of reliable diagnostic tools. In recent years, studies have shown that ultrasound can be more accurately used to judge the volume and properties of gastric contents, and this method is gradually popularized in clinical practice.
Keywords: pulmonary aspiration; ultrasound; gastric contents; gastric antrum