论著 Original Article

个性化护理在肝硬化患者中应用效果的研究

Published at: 2015年第35卷第4期

王秀全 1 , 王雪莲 1 , 吴育云 1
1 海南省第二人民医院内镜室,海南 五指山 572299
通讯作者 秀全 王 Email: wangpingwp01@126.com
DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2015.04.025
基金:

摘要

目的:探讨个性化护理在肝硬化患者中的应用效果。方法:选取在我院治疗的肝硬化患者180例, 按时间顺序分为对照组和研究组,每组90例,对照组中患者实施常规护理,研究组中患者实施 个性化护理。患者入院时及出院时分别填写焦虑自评表(self-rating anxiety scale,SAS)、抑郁自评 表(self-rating depression scale,SDS)、中文版健康量表(Chinese version of health scale,SF-36)及护 理满意度调查问卷;记录患者的住院时间及住院期间并发症的发生情况。结果:研究组中患者的 SAS、SDS评分(33.73±4.18、30.19±3.79)明显低于对照组(42.12±4.49、39.75±3.63),差异具有统计 学意义;研究组中患者的SF-36评分明显高于对照组,差异具有统计学意义;研究组中患者的住院 时间、具有不良习惯的人数及并发症的发生率明显低于对照组,且研究组中患者对护理的满意度 (95.3%)明显高于对照组(78.6%),差异具有统计学意义。结论:个性护理干预有利于降低肝硬化患 者的SDS及SAS,提高患者生活质量评分及对护理的满意度,降低并发症的发生率,减少患者的不 良习惯,缩短住院时间,对临床治疗具有积极影响。


Research on personalized nursing application effect in patients with cirrhosis

Abstract

Objective: To explore the application of personalized nursing application effect in patients with cirrhosis. Methods: A total of 180 cases with cirrhosis in our hospital were divided into the research group and the control group, according to the time sequence, 90 cases in each group, routine nursing care was taken in control group patients in the study group with the implementation of personalized nursing. To the patient admission and discharge were All filled out self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), self-rating depression scale (SDS) and Chinese version of health scale (SF-36) and nursing satisfaction questionnaire; record hospitalization time and complications during hospitalization. Results: The SAS and SDS score of the study group (33.73±4.18, 30.19±3.79) were significantly lower than that of the control group (42.12±4.49, 39.75±3.63), with statistically significant difference; SF-36 score of the study group were significantly higher than the control group, the difference has statistical significance; hospitalization time, the number of patients with bad habits and complication rates of the study group were significantly lower than those of the control group, and the patients (95.3%) satisfaction with care was significantly higher than the control group (78.6%), with significant difference. Conclusion: Individual nursing intervention is helpful to reduce SDS and SAS scale of the patients with liver cirrhosis, increase the score of life quality of patients, improve nursing satisfaction, reduce the incidence of complications and the bad habits of patient, short the hospitalization time and so on , has a positive impact on the clinical treatment.


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引用

引用本文: 秀全 王, 雪莲 王, 育云 吴. 个性化护理在肝硬化患者中应用效果的研究[J]. 临床与病理杂志, 2015, 35(4): 653-657.
Cite this article as: WANG Xiuquan, WANG Xuelian, WU Yuyun . Research on personalized nursing application effect in patients with cirrhosis[J]. Journal of Clinical and Pathological Research, 2015, 35(4): 653-657.