综述 Review

内皮特异和富含miRNAs对血管功能的影响

Published at: 2014年第34卷第6期

吴艳 1 , 杨芝春 1 , 彭军 1
1 中南大学药学院药理学系,长沙 410078
通讯作者 军 彭 Email: junpeng@csu.edu.cn
DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2014.06.027
基金:
国家自然科学基金资助项目 81373409
湖南省自然科学基金重点项目 13JJ2008

摘要

MicroRNAs (miRNAs)是广泛存在于真核生物中的一组不编码蛋白的小分子RNA,由含茎环结构的 miRNA前体经核糖核酸酶(Dicer)加工后形成。在真核生物中,miRNAs具有组织特异性和时序性, 只在特定的组织和发育阶段表达,在细胞的分化、生长和凋亡过程中发挥广泛的作用。大量研究 表明内皮特异和内皮富含的miRNAs对血管功能的调节有重要作用,如内皮细胞特异性miR-126在 维持血管内皮完整性、炎症反应以及血管新生过程中均有显著作用;内皮富含的miR-221/222、 miR-21等参与炎症反应、血管新生、内皮衰老等功能的调节。


Effects of endothelial-specific and endothelial-enriched miRNAs on vascular function

Abstract

miRNAs, widely presenting in eukaryotes, are a group of non-coding small RNAs generated from hairpin miRNA precursors (pre-miRNAs) by Rnase-Dicer. It has been demonstrated that miRNAs possess the characteristics of tissue specificity and sequential expression and only express in particular organs at stages of special developments. miRNAs play an essential role in cell differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. Numerous studies show that endothelial-specific and endothelial-enriched miRNAs exert effects on vascular function. For example, endothelialspecific miR-126 plays a vital role in inflammation, angiogenesis, as well as endothelial integrity, while endothelialenriched miR-221/222 and miR-21 participate in regulation of inflammation, angiogenesis, and endothelial senescence and so on.


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引用

引用本文: 艳 吴, 芝春 杨, 军 彭. 内皮特异和富含miRNAs对血管功能的影响[J]. 临床与病理杂志, 2014, 34(6): 773-778.
Cite this article as: WU Yan, YANG Zhichun, PENG Jun . Effects of endothelial-specific and endothelial-enriched miRNAs on vascular function[J]. Journal of Clinical and Pathological Research, 2014, 34(6): 773-778.