目的：了解专科护士的学习需求和学习障碍现况。方法：选取2015年6月至9月来自全国98家医院参加北京护理学会主办的某科专科护士培训的138名学员，自行填写学习需求调查问卷(7个维度，29个条目)和参与障碍普适量表(Deterrents to Participation Scale-General，DPS-G；6个维度，34个条目)，分别采用李克特量表统计各个维度的分数。结果：发放138份问卷，共收回有效问卷123份，学习需求依次为护理教学、相关学科、临床护理、风险防范、护理管理、医疗、护理科研。学习障碍依次为时间限制、课程缺乏相关性、缺乏自信、缺乏兴趣、教育经费、个人自身问题。结论：护理教学仍然是专科护士培训的重点。应当从制度上为专科护士培训提供充足的时间。
Education analysis on the learning needs and learning disabilities of clinical nurse specialist
Objective: To investigate the learning needs and learning disabilities of clinical nurse specialist. Methods: The 138 trainees from Beijing Nursing Association Training Program from June to September 2015 were selected and the learning needs questionnaire (7 dimensions, 29 items) and Deterrents to Participation Scale-General (6 dimensions, 34 items) were filled. The Likert Scales were used to counted the score of each item. Results: A total of 138 questionnaires were put out and 126 were returned. The learning needs of the nurses were following as: nursing teaching, discipline construction, clinical care, risk prevention, nurse management, nursing research; while the learning barriers were following as: course content, lack of confidence, not interested in content, education funding and individual factor. Learning needs and barriers have statistical differences. Conclusion: Nursing education is key in the training of clinical nurse specialist, on which enough time should be paid.