膀胱过度活动症(overactive bladder，OAB)与间质性膀胱炎/膀胱疼痛综合征(interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome，IC/PBS)是妇科泌尿临床上缺乏特异性诊断指标的两种常见膀胱疾病，均有尿频、尿急、夜尿增多症状，给患者的日常生活、身心健康带去严重困扰，然而其病因均不明确。近年来，随着人们对生活质量要求的提高，OAB及IC/PBS越来越得到重视。
Research progress in intravesical instillation treatments of overactive bladder and interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome
Overactive bladder (OAB) and interstitial cyctitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) are two kinds of common bladder diseases urogynecologically that both lack of specific diagnostic indicators at present and are characterized by some similar clinical signs like urgent micturition, frequent micturition and excessive urination at night. OAB and IC/PBS, both with unknown pathogenesis, have badly disturbed the patient's daily lives and affected their physical as well as the mental health. With the promotion of social development and living level, the higher quality of life is required. Thus OAB and IC/PBS have been getting more and more attention in the social range.