Epidemiology and the traditional risk factors of cardiovascular disease in Yao’an county in Yunnan
Objective: To explore the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease and related risk factors in Yao’an county in Yunnan, and to provide scientific basis for comprehensive prevention and treatment. Methods: Using multistage sampling method, extraction of jurisdiction 4 towns, 8 village committees and 4 community health service centers, permanent residents 1 450 people with aged over 18 years, conducted a random sampling survey of risk factors of cardiovascular disease. Results: The smoking rate was 26.3%, the smoking rate of male residents was 52.2%; overweight accounted for 9.1%; impaired fasting glucose accounted for 8.7%, diabetes prevalence rate of 16.9% people; hypertension prevalence rate was 44.5%, the awareness rate of hypertension was 43.0%. Conclusion: The level of hypertension and traditional risk factors in Yao’an county is very prominent. It is urgent to take comprehensive prevention and control measures.