论著 Original Article

云南姚安县心血管疾病流行病学及传统相关危险因素

Published at: 2017年第37卷第6期

周慧君 1 , 邓丽 1 , 樊仕翠 1 , 戴海龙 2
1 楚雄州疾病预防控制中心质量管理科,云南 楚雄 675000
2 昆明医科大学附属延安医院心血管内科,昆明 650051
通讯作者 慧君 周 Email: dhlkm@qq.com
DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2017.06.031
基金:
云南省自然科学基金 2013FZ284

摘要

目的:探讨云南省姚安县人群心血管病流行病学及危险因素水平,为心血管疾病的综合防治提供科学依据。方法:采用多阶段抽样方法,抽取姚安县辖区4个乡镇、8个村委会和4个社区卫生服务中心,18岁及以上常住居民1 450人进行心血管疾病危险因素随机抽样调查。结果:人群吸烟率26.3%,其中男性居民吸烟率为52.2%;超重者占9.1%;空腹血糖受损者占8.7%,糖尿病患病率16.9%;高血压患病率为44.5%,人群高血压知晓率为43.0%。结论:姚安县高血压及传统心血管危险因素水平相当突出,采取社区综合防治措施,进行有效控制已刻不容缓。


Epidemiology and the traditional risk factors of cardiovascular disease in Yao’an county in Yunnan

Abstract

Objective: To explore the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease and related risk factors in Yao’an county in Yunnan, and to provide scientific basis for comprehensive prevention and treatment. Methods: Using multistage sampling method, extraction of jurisdiction 4 towns, 8 village committees and 4 community health service centers, permanent residents 1 450 people with aged over 18 years, conducted a random sampling survey of risk factors of cardiovascular disease. Results: The smoking rate was 26.3%, the smoking rate of male residents was 52.2%; overweight accounted for 9.1%; impaired fasting glucose accounted for 8.7%, diabetes prevalence rate of 16.9% people; hypertension prevalence rate was 44.5%, the awareness rate of hypertension was 43.0%. Conclusion: The level of hypertension and traditional risk factors in Yao’an county is very prominent. It is urgent to take comprehensive prevention and control measures.


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引用

引用本文: 慧君 周, 丽 邓, 仕翠 樊, 海龙 戴. 云南姚安县心血管疾病流行病学及传统相关危险因素[J]. 临床与病理杂志, 2017, 37(6): 1258-1262.
Cite this article as: ZHOU Huijun, DENG Li, FAN Shicui, DAI Hailong . Epidemiology and the traditional risk factors of cardiovascular disease in Yao’an county in Yunnan[J]. Journal of Clinical and Pathological Research, 2017, 37(6): 1258-1262.