目的：考察中药注射剂引起的不良反应(adverse drug reactions，ADR)的发生情况，并分析其原 因，为临床合理用药提供参考。方法：对2010年1月~2014年12月收集的244例中药注射剂不良反应 报告统计结果进行分析。结果：244例不良反应中，男性137例，女性107例，60岁以上患者发生率 最高，占47.95%。引起中药注射剂不良反应构成比最高的为参麦注射液32例，占13.11%，其次为 丹红注射液(12.70%)、银杏达莫注射液(10.66%)。不良反应的临床表现主要为皮肤及其附件损害， 占23.8%。结论：熟练掌握中药注射剂的不良反应，积极应对不良反应，有利于提高中药注射剂的 合理使用水平，提高临床疗效，做到安全、合理用药。
Analysis on adverse drug reaction during 2010-2014 induced by Chinese material medical injections in our hospital
Objective: To survey the occurrence and analyze the reason of the adverse drug reactions (ADR) of Chinese material medical injections (CMMI) and provide references for rational drug use in the clinic. Methods: 244 ADR reports induced by CMMI from January 2010 to December 2014 were statistically analyzed. Results: In all 244 cases, 137 male and 107 female patients; Elderly (>60 years) patients with a higher incidence of ADR, accounting for 47.95%. Shenmai injection had the highest ratio (32cases), accounting for 13.11% of the total ADR induced by CMMI, and the next were Danhong injection (12.70%) and Yinxingdamo injection (10.66%). Lesions of skin and its appendages were clinically common ADR, which accounted for 23.8% of the total ADR. Conclusion: It is useful to improve the level of rational usage of CMMI by mastering ADR of CMMI, so as to improve the clinical efficacy and safety and use the drugs rationally.