文章摘要

健康信念模式应用于老年慢性阻塞性肺疾病稳定期患者的护理效果

作者: 1王婷, 1夏菊芳, 1黄燕洁
1 江苏省无锡市第五人民医院,江苏 无锡 214000
通讯: 夏菊芳 Email: 157755323@qq.com
DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2020.10.029

摘要

目的:研究健康信念模式在老年慢性阻塞性肺疾病稳定期患者中的应用及其护理效果。方法:选取2018年4月至2019年4月76例慢性阻塞性肺疾病稳定期老年患者,随机分为观察组与对照组,各38例。对照组实施常规护理,观察组在常规护理基础上实施健康信念模式护理,对比两组患者的护理效果。结果:经护理后,观察组自我护理能力评分高于对照组(P<0.05);在康复依从率方面,观察组高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(94.74% vs 76.32%,P<0.05)。结论:对老年慢性阻塞性肺疾病稳定期患者实施健康信念模式护理,可提高患者自我护理能力和患者康复依从性,值得推广。
关键词: 老年慢性阻塞性肺疾病;稳定期;健康信念模式;自我护理能力;护理效果

Effect of health belief mode on elderly patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Authors: 1WANG Ting, 1XIA Jufang, 1HUANG Yanjie
1 Fifth People’s Hospital of Wuxi City, Wuxi Jiangsu 214000, China

CorrespondingAuthor: XIA Jufang Email: 157755323@qq.com

Abstract

Objective: To study the application of health belief mode in elderly patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its nursing effect. Methods: From April 2018 to April 2019, 76 elderly patients with COPD stable stage were selected and randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, each with 38 cases. The control group received routine nursing, the observation group implemented health belief mode nursing based on conventional nursing. The nursing effects were compared between the two groups. Results: After nursing, self-care ability score of the observation group’s was higher than the control group (P<0.05); in terms of rehabilitation compliance rate, the observation group was higher than that of the control group, the difference was statistically significant (94.74% vs 76.32%, P<0.05). Conclusion: Implementing health belief mode in the care of elderly patients with COPD stable stage can improve patients’ self-care ability, and the compliance in rehabilitation, which is worth promoting.
Keywords: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the elderly; stable period; health belief mode; self-care ability; nursing effect