文章摘要

压力管理训练在2 型糖尿病患者中的应用

作者: 1,2张 敏, 1戴 海勤, 3赵 春艳
1 上海同济大学医学院,上海 200092
2 海市长宁区北新泾街道社区卫生服务中心,上海 200335
3 上海同济大学附属东方医院护理部,上海 200120
通讯: 赵 春艳 Email: ame@amegroups.com
DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2019.02.036
基金: 上海市浦东新区卫生系统学科带头人培养 (PWRd2015-05);第二期长宁区青年护理人员能力提升培养计划(20184Q016)。

摘要

压力管理训练作为一种非药物的治疗方法,广泛适用于患有2型糖尿病(ty pe 2 diabetes mellitus, T2DM)的儿童、青少年、成年人。国外诸多研究显示,压力管理训练已经被有效应用于T2DM患者的管理;但国内将其应用于T2DM患者的研究较少。压力管理训练有多种实施方式,目前最常用的有以下4种:认知行为疗法、呼吸放松-渐进式肌肉放松训练、正念减压疗法以及压力接种训练。本文将综述压力管理训练在国内外T2DM患者中的应用现状以及具体的实施方法,旨在为压力管理训练更好地应用于国内T2DM的管理提供参考。
关键词: 2型糖尿病;压力管理训练;综述

Application of stress management training in patients with type 2 diabetes

Authors: 1,2ZHANG Min, 1DAI Haiqin, 3ZHAO Chunyan
1 Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China
2 Beixinjing Street Community Health Service Center, Changning District, Shanghai 200335, China
3 Department of Nursing, Shanghai East Hospital, Affiliated to Tongji University, Shanghai 200120, China

CorrespondingAuthor:ZHAO Chunyan Email: ame@amegroups.com

Foundation: This work was supported by the Training of Leaders of Health System in Pudong New Area, Shanghai (PWRd2015-05) and Second Phase of Changning District Youth Nursing Staff Capacity Enhancement Training Program (20184Q016)

Abstract

As a non-pharmacological treatment, stress management training is widely used in child, adolescent, and adult populations with type 2 diabetes. Many studies abroad show that stress management training has been used effectively in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, there are few studies on its application in T2DM in China. Stress management training typically incorporates four used methods including cognitive behaviour therapy, relaxation breathing-progressive muscle relaxation, mindfulness-based stress reduction and stress inoculation training. This article reviews the current situation of application and specific implementation methods of stress management training in patients with type 2 diabetes at home and abroad, and aims to provide reference for stress management training in the management of type 2 diabetes in China.
Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus; stress management training; review