文章摘要

泌尿系结石的治疗方法及最新进展

作者: 1高 丙鹏, 1李 超, 1王 岩
1 哈尔滨医科大学附属第一医院泌尿外科,哈尔滨 150001
通讯: 王 岩 Email: yymnwangyan@126.com
DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2017.12.036

摘要

泌尿系结石是一种在全世界范围内很常见的疾病,对身体有直接损伤、梗阻、感染或恶性变的危害,其对人体最主要最迫切的损害是引起尿路梗阻继而造成不同程度的肾功能损害,尤其是急性肾衰竭,因此须及时解除梗阻,恢复尿路通畅,最大程度地保护肾功能。目前治疗方法和治疗效果与泌尿系生理结构是否存在异常、结石部位、结石体积、患者的社会经济状况及当时碎石技术等因素相关。随着碎石机、经皮肾镜、输尿管镜、腹腔镜等微创技术应用,治疗尿路结石,及时解除梗阻更加高效,经典传统开刀手术逐渐在减少。现在手术机器人技术及纳米机器人等相关器械设备即将或已经用于泌尿系结石的治疗,为泌尿系结石的治疗开辟了新天地。
关键词: 泌尿系结石;梗阻;治疗;进展

Treatment methods and recent progress of urinary calculi

Authors: 1GAO Bingpeng, 1LI Chao, 1WANG Yan
1 Department of Urology, Frist Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150001, China

CorrespondingAuthor:WANG Yan Email: yymnwangyan@126.com

Abstract

Urinary calculus is a worldwide disease, and its harm to the body increases with the duration of the disease. The therapeutic methods and therapeutic effects are related to the abnormal physiological structure of urinary tract, the location of calculus, the volume of stone, the social and economic status of patients, and the current medical conditions. With the advent of lithotripsy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy, ureteroscopy, laparoscopic and other minimally invasive technology, the traditional surgery reduced gradually. Now surgical robot technology, nano robot and other related new instruments and equipment will be used in the treatment of urinary calculi sooner or later, which creates a new world for the treatment of urinary calculi.
Keywords: urinary calculi; obstruction; treatment; progress

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